WV Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
Most current version dated 2020. Older versions are still valid and can be utilized
Cardiopulmonary resuscitate on (CPR) is an emergency medical procedure that can be tried for a patient whose heart has stopped. It is also used for patients who have stopped breathing. It involves squeezing the heart between the breastbone and the spine, putting a tube into the windpipe to assist with breathing, and electrical shock to the heart.
It can be a lifesaving measure for a healthy adult who has an unexpected heart stoppage from a heart attack or drug reaction. It rarely works in patients with advanced cancer or chronic heart, lung, or kidney conditions.
If you want to be kept comfortable and allowed a natural death without CPR or machines, you can ask your doctor or healthcare provider to write a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order for you. In West Virginia, the DNR order for persons outside of a hospital is issued on an orange card.
Many people think CPR is always successful because of the way it has been shown on television or in the movies. The more health problems someone has, the less likely it is that CPR will bring someone back to their prior health and abilities. When CPR is done in hospitalized patients, it is successful overall in only about 15% of patients. Only about 5% of patients or 5 of 100 who have chronic medical problems such as heart failure will leave the hospital alive after CPR.
The WV Legislature passed the WV Do Not Resuscitate Act to protect the rights of persons to control whether or not they receive CPR. CPR may cause unwanted pain and suffering. Patients who live through CPR almost always spend time on a breathing machine in an intensive care unit. At the end of life, most West Virginians say they would not want to be kept alive on machines.
Because the DNR order must be completed with a health care provider (MD, DO, APRN, or PA), patients can request these form from their health care providers. DNR cards cannot be mailed to patients for completion. Your health care provider must complete the order with you -- you should never be provided a blank DNR order to complete alone.